It is common among politicians these days to repeat many times that ‘nobody expected something like this to happen’. However, this is completely untrue.
It is more common to hear about the expansion of empires than about their defeats. The colonial discourse works that way, trying to erase resistance and emphasising triumph.
Wandering around Cairo’s European quartier and visiting the city of Ṣūr (Tyre) in Lebanon, I realised how much our history and daily experience is shaped by colonialism.